「我離港前到過一間精神科醫院。當時有位病人禮貌地問,一個以作為世上最悠久民主政體而自傲的國家,如何能夠將此地交給一個政治制度非常不同的國家,且既沒諮詢當地公民,又沒給予他們民主的前景,好讓他們捍衞自己的將來。一個隨行同事說,奇怪,香港提出最理智問題的人,竟在精神科醫院。」彭定康 金融時報

“During a visit to a mental hospital before I left Hong Kong, a patient politely asked me how a country that prided itself on being the oldest democracy in the world had come to be handing over his city to another country with a very different system of government, without either consulting the citizens or giving them the prospect of democracy to safeguard their future. Strange, said one of my aides, that the man with the sanest question in Hong Kong is in a mental hospital.”Chris Patten Financial Times

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Friday, September 11, 2009

香港是老幾?Hong Kong Ranking!

香港是老幾?Hong Kong Ranking!



今天是二零零九年九月十一日,是九一一事件八週年,為死去的哀悼、為受傷尚未康復的送上祝福、為失去家人的致予慰問。


Asia-Pacific Nations Rankings
CNBC Tuesday, 8 Sep 2009 引用
《Reuters》Three Asia-Pacific economies — Singapore, New Zealand and Hong Kong were ranked by the World Bank on Tuesday as the easiest places to do business over the past year, when most of the region's economies carried out regulatory reforms in the face of a global economic crisis.

The International Financial Corporation (IFC), the World Bank's private sector lending arm, said Indonesia was the most active reformer in East Asia and the Pacific, where 17 of 24 economies pursued regulatory reform.

"In a record year for regulatory reform worldwide, most economies in East Asia and the Pacific strengthened business regulations, making them more efficient to help increase opportunities for local firms," said the annual report.

Singapore, New Zealand and Hong Kong held the top three spots in the global ease of doing business rankings in 2009 as well. This year's 15 top-ranked economies also included Thailand at 12, and Japan, at 15, the IFC said.

Indonesia cut the time required to start a business by 16 days and the time to transfer a property by 17 days, climbing to 122 from 129 in the rankings, said the report, "Doing Business 2010: Reforming through Difficult Times."

The ranking, now in its seventh year, is based on analysis of regulations of business start-up and operations, trading across borders, paying taxes, and closing a business.

Singapore, which has topped the table for the past four years, continued to make its economy more efficient by introducing online services to ease business start-up, construction permits, and property transfers, it said.

Hong Kong also stream-lined procedures for construction permits, business start-ups and property transfers, said the IFC.

Malaysia, ranked 23rd worldwide, eased business start-up procedures, cut company incorporation charges and corporate fees and made it easier to enforce contracts in courts by increasing staff and setting stricter deadlines, it said.

Taiwan, 46th in the world, eased business start-up by abolishing minimum paid-in capital requirements, introducing time limits on various procedures. Taipei made it possible to file and pay taxes on-line, it said.

Penelope Brook, acting vice president for financial and private sector development at the World Bank Group, said the reforms would position firms in the regions to respond quickly to economic recovery.

"The quality of business regulation helps determine how easy it is for troubled firms to survive difficult times, how fast local entrepreneurs will start investing again and how quickly new business can get started," she said in a statement.



同日香港政府發表,中央在香港發售六十億元人民幣國債。

【明報專訊】國慶60周年前夕,國家財政部突然宣布,本月28日來港發行60億元人民幣國債,讓本港市民及機構認購,息率等詳情有待公布。這是中央首次在內地境外發行人民幣計價的主權債券,政商界都認為有助鞏固本港國際金融中心地位。

首在境外發行主權債券
60億元國債是純粹為國慶60周年,抑或陸續有來?據了解情況的消息人士表示,中央有意願在港持續發國債,以支持本港的人民幣及債券市場發展,但沒有訂定硬性的發行時間表,特區政府會繼續爭取中央定期來港發國債,但財政部屬意先看看今次的反應再作決定。

政府研究國債在港掛牌
消息人士指出,今次財政部發行的60億國債中,將會包括不同的年期,而起步點將會是兩年期,部分國債年期將會長達5年。首次在港發行的國債包含不同年期,其用意在於盡快在香港建立起一條「人民幣孳息曲線(yield curve)」,以便將來其他機構來港發行人民幣債券也可以有參照的基準。此外,政府正積極研究日後人民幣國債在港掛牌上市,促進市場流通。

中國去年實際發行的國債有8549億元人民幣,以來港發售的60億元規模,比重不足1%。財政部昨公布國家來港發國債的公告指出,「中央在港發國債,可增加本港債券市場的選擇性、推動人民幣區域化的進程、促進香港人民幣業務發展、為今後內地機構在香港發行人民幣債券提供定價基礎,以及帶動更多內地機構在香港發行人民幣債。」

要達至這等目標,並非單憑一次國債發行可以做到,意味中央對來港發債有長遠構想。事實上,今年4月國務院總理溫家寶與特首曾蔭權會面時,已明言財政部會積極考慮在港發行債券,並認為這對香港發展人民幣債券市場有著標誌作用。


財爺﹕港人幣業務里程碑
財政司長曾俊華昨日出席公開場合時指出,歡迎中央來港發債,並說這對香港人民幣業務是重要的里程碑。

財經事務及庫務局長陳家強表示,中央首次在港發人民幣國債有重大意義。在港發國債可顯示中央對香港發展離岸人民幣業務的重視,亦是一個具體措施支持香港成為離岸人民幣業務中心。

匯豐銀行亞太區業務策略及經濟顧問梁兆基說,財政部來港發債,是奠定本港作為境外人民幣結算中心的里程碑。

他認為,愈來愈多人民幣債券在港發行,令以人民幣為基礎的業務更趨活躍。尤其是出口往內地的港商,使用人民幣作跨境貿易結算的誘因更大,因為他們接收人民幣貨款後,有多一條渠道取得投資回報,資金毋須閒置下來。

同時,主權債券在港發行,可定出完整的人民幣債券孳息率曲線,作為其他機構發債的利率基準參考。面對正在崛起為金融中心的上海,本港人債市場的深度與廣度若得以推進,可提高競爭力。



各位:世銀報告,星加坡已經連續四年超越香港排第一,如今紐西蘭排第二,也都已經超越香港,而香港政府“報喜”,說得到中央讓香港,成為首在境外發行主權債券的城市,這就是香港政府的政績嗎?



伸延閱覽:
星加坡、紐西蘭、香港 Asia-Pacific Nations Top Ease-of-Business Rankings 谷歌翻譯 CNBC.com
Asia-Pacific Nations Top Ease-of-Business Rankings CNBC.com
六十億元人民幣國債 谷歌新聞搜尋
中央政府首次在香港發行六十億元人民幣國債 谷歌搜尋
60億國債928有得買年期2至5年港府爭定期發行 Yahoo 新聞




6 comments:

新鮮人 said...

不要把那些所謂報告看得太重,
人家也不會只看這些來決定來不來香港投資的,
take it easy!
中國排89,
你唔見大把人想扑入去做生意咩?

有人講過發國債係"政績"咩?

the inner space said...

新鮮兄:根本就已經沒有新的跨國的公司來香港設立地區性總部,他們已經直接入大陸,舊有的都陸續搬的搬走的走。

香港地貴、租貴、人工貴、又有埋啲唔等使嘅平等機會法、反歧視法、最低工資、最高工時,空氣污染,禽流感、豬流感、沙士等等風土病。居住環境差、營商環境曳、沒有競爭力,連鄰近大陸的優勢都無埋。

來港發國債當然不是中國政績,但曾政府就大鑼大鼓“報喜”,話自己吸引到中央來港發國債,當哂是他們的成績表、德政、政績。

Quoting:
財爺﹕港人幣業務里程碑
財政司長曾俊華昨日出席公開場合時指出,歡迎中央來港發債,並說這對香港人民幣業務是重要的里程碑。

財經事務及庫務局長陳家強表示,中央首次在港發人民幣國債有重大意義。在港發國債可顯示中央對香港發展離岸人民幣業務的重視,亦是一個具體措施支持香港成為離岸人民幣業務中心。

新鮮人 said...

香港的確走到十字街頭,
所以我成日都話不要單依靠金融,
創意工業本是可行的,
不單是平、人多就可以,
這是內地最弱的一環,
可惜政府卻從來没有認真協助過,
這個政府真令人太失望了!

微豆 Haricot said...

It has been said that the Chinese govt would want to have Shanghai as the chief financial centre and power base of the country. Hong Kong SAR will need to determine what its niche is in the bigger scheme of things for China - International experience? Foreign connections? Well managed, well maintained infrastructure? Innovative thinking? A place for evaluating citizen-initiated political-social-economic movements?

the inner space said...

新鮮兄:對香港的確走到十字街頭!政府對策卻遲遲沒有切實出臺,咨詢咨詢再咨詢,討論討論再討論,推倒在來,咨詢咨詢再咨詢,討論討論再討論,repeatedly!為了順應所謂民意,民意各為自己利益著想,政府不敢拂逆民意,沒能集中火力,我已經愈寫愈長,以另一標題“香港走到迴旋處不停在兜圈子!”發文,希望兄臺賜教!

the inner space said...

微豆兄:中央除了打造“上海”成為金融中心重演當年的“冒險家樂園”“東方的倫敦”重震上海的金融地位,地理上比香港佔有優勢外,並在深圳“前海”打造另一個金融中心,這祇與香港一灣之隔的“前海”絕對有能力取代香港。