「我離港前到過一間精神科醫院。當時有位病人禮貌地問,一個以作為世上最悠久民主政體而自傲的國家,如何能夠將此地交給一個政治制度非常不同的國家,且既沒諮詢當地公民,又沒給予他們民主的前景,好讓他們捍衞自己的將來。一個隨行同事說,奇怪,香港提出最理智問題的人,竟在精神科醫院。」彭定康 金融時報

“During a visit to a mental hospital before I left Hong Kong, a patient politely asked me how a country that prided itself on being the oldest democracy in the world had come to be handing over his city to another country with a very different system of government, without either consulting the citizens or giving them the prospect of democracy to safeguard their future. Strange, said one of my aides, that the man with the sanest question in Hong Kong is in a mental hospital.”Chris Patten Financial Times

Non Chinese literate friends, please simply switch to English Version provided by LOUSY Google Translation

Please participate in the unregistered demography survey of visitors at the right hand side bar. You are: ?

敬請參與在右下方的不記名訪客分佈調查問卷,你是: ?

Saturday, January 02, 2010

中國的百家姓



休假期間,到《新華書城》新址逛逛,見到了一本《百家姓》。


再上維基百科查查 百家姓 為:

2006年中國調查百家姓次序。這項調查共4100個,經過省籍,地區,縣市三級人口比例的統計排定。調查發現:李、王、張三個大姓人口均接近1億,都超過中國總人口的7%;佔中國總人口1%以上的姓氏共有18個,佔人口0.1%以上的姓氏共有129個,而這129個姓氏的人口約占我國總人口的87%。李、王、張、劉、陳、楊、黃、趙、周、吳是當今中國的十大姓氏,也是全球華人,甚至全球的十大姓氏。























2007年中國公安部對全國戶籍的最新統計,王姓成為中國大陸第一大姓,有9288.1萬人,占中國人口總數的7.25%。這個排名跟2006年1月中國科學院的統計有差別。






















縱觀百多個姓氏,多是遠古時封建制度下,受封的王親國戚或是功臣的封邑,以地名為姓氏。還有就是古代北方的蠻夷入侵中原,較遠的如:”五胡亂華“,”南北朝“,近些的有:“元朝”、“清朝”,外族改漢人姓氏。中國經過五千年歷史,以三十年為一代,相信都傳了一百六十多代人,究竟尚有沒有純種的中原漢民族呢?


我的姓氏以維基百科所說,就包含了幾個可能來源,先輩說族譜已經在逃難遺失了,無從窺考。但長輩口語傳下,四句共十六字,似詩非詩的短句,用作族中男丁,在起名之時依從。長輩說若見到有同姓者,而上中下三代依從,同一個次序排列,應該是同宗的兄弟了。但又有幾多同宗的叔伯兄弟,還堅持依從呢?看來傳到我這代,以後就要煙沒了!


不過若出了名,成了名人,就自自然然有人找上門,給你的出處、族譜、源頭,查過明明白白。伶人謝雪心本姓孔,在她在無線電視出了名後,連祇管男丁的,都被承認歸宗了。唉!此勢利也!


不過,這並不是祇限於中國,美國人又何嘗不是呢? 米竭爾 奧巴馬成為總統候選人的妻子,她的根源就已經被查得明明白白了,等到貴為總統夫人,更不得了!


附加 Appendix:
若你的姓氏,不再上列,不要氣屢,請多點擊一次,到維基百科的:
百家姓,那裡有更多頗為少見的中國人、華裔姓氏,可供參考。


伸延閱覽:
百家姓 維基百科
國家確認謝雪心孔子第76代後人原名孔令馥 雅虎新聞網
第一夫人流着黑奴血 星島日報
女王破例與米歇爾攬腰搭肩 明報


我的舊文:
米竭爾·魯濱遜~她有沒有想過有這一天?




24 comments:

exile said...

This is interesting stuff. Judging from 百家姓, my people definitely weren't/aren't the brightest of the crowd.

I am curious if Chinese people discriminate against each other base on our last names. Say, Mr Lee may think he is "better" than Mr Ding...??

the inner space said...

Exile from Hong Kong,
thanks for your input I guess base on the Last Name no one can not tell very much of one's character, personality, talent, and etc etc.

There are some fortune-tellers who can tell the fate of a person based on the giving name and make suggestions.

I have no idea how the westerner(s) discriminate against each other base on the last name. Probably an english may find out some one was an irish origin based on his/ her last name. Can you tell me more?

As for the chinese in the ancient china possibly there was this "門第" originated from their last name. At and in present day HK I guess not much discrimination.

exile said...

People in the west are just as interested in genealogy as the Chinese.
Actually family tree drawing is a standard school project for elementary school
kids. Do you know westerners didn't have hereditary surnames until 1000 years ago?
Well, America is a country of immigrants. Before meeting someone, I
suppose people will have a mental picture of what the person is supposed to
look like. A "Johnson" vs a "Wong". A "Churchill" vs a " Parris". Even
though you can't be so sure any more nowadays. Racial profiling bases on our
last names is an unspoken tactic people use everyday in the real world in America.
I wouldn't be so naive to think that my Chinese last name won't hurt me when I send
out resumes. Also we have common regional last names. For example, in my city
in southern California, if someone is a "Silva", the chance is that their people were
fishermen from a hundred years ago. Or hey if you are a Rockerfeller, you better
be rich, right?

Sounds like the Chinese hereditary surnames mostly derived from geography.
In the west, they often use physical characteristic, e.g a man with strong arm
became "Armstrong"; also by place, "Churchill" is for someone lived near
a church on the hill, then there is "Johnson", derived from the son of John.

Interesting stuff. I am such a nerd, haha....
d

The inner space said...

Exile,Thank you very much for a comprehensive reply. I learnt many new knowledge.

So it was quite like the Japanese whom started to form surname when they needed to register with the government after "明治維新"。 Need not to say they created many funny surnames.

The inner space said...

Exile, as for what you said:“I wouldn't be so naive to think that my Chinese last name won't hurt me when I send out resumes.”

Chinese are famous for their fastlearning,hardworking,flexibility,intelligence,and versatility, etc etc

IF still not satisfied,you also have the advantage when you married an native american to replace your last name with HIS.

exile said...

Marry someone for his European last name, haha...?? Good idea. I better make sure it rhymes with my Chinese name too :-)

the inner space said...

Exile from Hong Kong, Former Washington state governor and present commerce secretary Gary Locke is a chinese American, his way of spelling his chinese last name did not suggest his chinese origin.

the inner space said...

Exile,Furthermore, former canada governess general: Adrienne Clarkson is a chinese woman from HK, she keeps the last name of his divorced husband, and even later she remarried and yet keeping Clarkson as her last name.

exile said...

Gary Locke is third generation American. It wasn't unusual for early U.S immigrants to modify their last names for assimilation purpose or to avoid discrimination. For example, after WWI, German immigrants routinely changed their German sounding names to avoid repercussion. Russian Jews and the Chinese did the same. When Locke's grandmother first arrived from China, I bet she didn't have birth certificate, so I suppose the immigration officer just granted her a last name "Locke" (Lok). Nowadays, most immigrants just keep their original names, or unless you want to name yourself "Lady Gaga" or something weird like that :-)

the inner space said...

Exile,you meant his father was following his grandmother's maiden name?so did Gary?

“When Locke's grandmother first arrived from China, I bet she didn't have birth certificate, so I suppose the immigration officer just granted her a last name "Locke" (Lok). ”

exile said...

Oh, I'm sorry. I meant his grandfather.

the inner space said...

Exile, it was not uncommon for chinese to "入贅" and the children follow the mother's clan last name.

In fact I couldn't find the english word for "入贅" it just gave me plain translation ==> marry and live into the bride's family being the son-in-law by adoption. So it was not common/ exist in the western world.

新鮮人 said...

如果自己的姓氏不在這篇文章出現,
最緊要的不是上維基翻查,
而且回家和老婆上床呀!!!
仲要生多幾個仔,
咁樣先至可以略盡綿力嘛,
哈哈哈哈~~~~~

exile said...

Mr Fresh! HAHAHA....you are funny :-)

the inner space said...

新鮮兄:活力十足,有心有力,點祇略盡綿力?十個八個新鮮仔,百子千孫,家族興旺。

發揮兄臺所言,應該容許稀有姓氏的男性,多娶幾個老婆,三妻四妾,三宮六院,開支散葉,廣生子嗣。

不過新鮮兄,我的讀者不止是男性,若稀有姓氏的朋友是女生,新鮮兄又有何建議呢?

the inner space said...

Exile, indeed freshdesigner is hilarious.

Well his suggestion is quite male chauvinistic and is a male chauvinism idea.

exile said...

Speaking of having children, I found a book at the library called "40 good reasons not to have children". The original edition was published in France in 2007. The author is Corinne Maier. She asks everyone to reject the epidemic of "baby mania". As a woman, I find the book empowering. Yes, life can be good without children..

新鮮人 said...

女生咪招郎入舍囉,
好易辦吖,
不過生還生,
最緊要有錢,
有錢生出黎邊個養喎?

re exile,
thanks! ^-^

the inner space said...

Exile, I guess she mainly gave the female perspective of not having children.

the inner space said...

新鮮兄:如你兩段的回應,有偏幫男方之嫌。男方可以回家和老婆上床,仲要生多幾個仔,咁樣先至可以略盡綿力。女方就要最緊要有錢,仲要考慮有錢生出黎邊個養。

exile said...

Ironically, the author and her husband have two children! But she said if she had to do it all over again, she would not have done it. Besides labor pain, I guess man and woman go thru similar thought process before they decide to have kids.

the inner space said...

Exile, Corinne Maier was smart she chose to marry Father with 2 kids, stepmother is not uncommon in the western world.

exile said...

Are you sure those aren't her own kids? It doesn't say anything about her being a stepmother on the book cover. hmm...

Haricot 微豆 said...

SBB:

Thanks for the link to here. I quite enjoy the article and the exchanges btwn you, exile and Fresh Designer.