【維基百科】Doctor Zhivago (Russian: До́ктор Жива́го）is a 20th century novel by Boris Pasternak, first published in 1957. It tells the story of Zhivago's life and how it is affected by the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the subsequent Russian Civil War.
The story：Yuri Zhivago is sensitive and poetic nearly to the point of mysticism. Zhivago's idealism and principles stand in contrast to the brutality and horror of World War I, the Russian Revolution, and the subsequent Russian Civil War.
A major theme of the novel is how mysticism and idealism are destroyed by both the Bolsheviks and the White Army alike, as both sides commit horrible atrocities.
Zhivago's great love is Lara, whose full name is Larissa Feodorovna Guishar (later Antipova), born into the bourgeoisie. She is engaged to Pavel "Pasha" Antipov, an idealistic young student who becomes involved in Bolshevism through his father.
Lara unwillingly has an affair with Viktor Komarovsky, a powerful lawyer with political connections. To gain independence from Komarovsky, Lara spends three years working as a nanny for a wealthy family (the Kologrivovs).
Upon returning, Lara's brother begs her for 700 rubles from Komarovsky to repay money that he has gambled away. Her employer Kologrivov gives her the money; however, when Lipa graduates, Lara resents that Kologrievs allow her to stay out of charity.
Angry at Komarovsky, whom she believes has ruined her life, she attends a party to demand the money from Komarovsky. She shoots with a gun, but misses.
音樂最優美的一段 Lara's Theme:Somewhere My Love
Lara and Zhivago first meet when Lara's mother attempts suicide and Zhivago, along with Misha Gordon, visit with a doctor. Zhivago is also present the night Lara shoots Komarovsky.
Lara and Zhivago first speak to each other when they meet again in the country and are surrounded by troops. Lara has been serving as nurse while searching for her husband Antipov, whom she believes may have been killed.
Lara and Zhivago serve together in a makeshift field hospital and fall in love. They do not consummate their relationship until much later, meeting in the town of Yuriatin after the war.
Pasha Antipov is believed to have been killed in World War I, but was captured by the Germans and escapes. Antipov joins the Bolsheviks and becomes Strelnikov (the shooter), a fearsome Red Army general who becomes infamous for executing White prisoners (hence his nickname).
Another major character is Liberius, commander of the "Forest Brotherhood", the Red Partisan band which conscripts Yuri into service. Liberius is a dedicated and heroic revolutionary.
But he is also a cocaine addict, loud-mouthed and vain, and bores Yuri with his constant lectures about the justice of their cause and the inevitability of their victory.
Komarovsky reappears towards the end of the story. He has gained some influence in the Bolshevik government and been appointed minister of justice of the Far Eastern Republic, a Bolshevik puppet state in Siberia.
He offers Zhivago and Lara transit out of Russia. They initially refuse. But Komarovsky lies about Pasha Antipov's death and persuades Zhivago that it is in Lara's best interests to leave; Zhivago convinces Lara to go with Komarovsky, telling her (falsely) that he will follow her shortly.
Meanwhile, Antipov/Strelnikov, loses his position in the Red Army, and returns to Varykino, near Yuriatin, where he hopes to find Lara. She, however, has just left with Komarovsky. After having a lengthy conversation with Zhivago, Pasha Antipov commits suicide and is found the next morning by Zhivago.
Zhivago's life and health decline; he lives with another woman and has two children with her, plans numerous writing projects but does not finish them, and is increasingly absent-minded, erratic, and unwell.
Lara eventually returns to Russia on the day of Zhivago's funeral. She gets Yevgraf, his half brother, to try to find her daughter but then disappears.
During World War II Zhivago's old friends Nika Dudorov and Misha Gordon meet up. One of their discussions revolves around a local laundress named Tanya, a bezprizornaya or parentless child, one of many left by the Civil War, and her resemblance to Zhivago. Much later they meet over the first edition of Zhivago's poems.
曾經在 1965年，被拍成電影由埃及演員 奧馬沙利夫 主演。
Directed by：David Lean
Starring：Omar Sharif，Julie Christie，Geraldine Chaplin，Rod Steiger
Music by：Maurice Jarre
2015 年 7 月 10 日 奧馬沙里夫 心髒病發逝世。
奧馬沙里夫生於埃及，伙拍彼得奧圖（Peter O'Toole）演出大衛連（David Lean）經典作《沙漠梟雄》名揚國際，其他重要作品還有《齊瓦哥醫生》及《妙女郎》等。奧馬沙里夫在2012年確診患有腦退化症，淡出幕前。
RIP Omar Sharif !!!!
Doctor Zhivago 維基百科
Doctor Zhivago （film） 維基百科
《齊瓦哥醫生》奧馬沙里夫病逝 終年83歲 明報新聞網
瘋人瘋語「我離港前到過一間精神科醫院。當時有位病人禮貌地問，一個以作為世上最悠久民主政體而自傲的國家，如何能夠將此地交給一個政治制度非常不同的國家，且既沒諮詢當地公民，又沒給予他們民主的前景，好讓他們捍衞自己的將來。一個隨行同事說，奇怪，香港提出最理智問題的人，竟在精神科醫院。」彭定康 金融時報 “During a visit to a mental hospital before I left Hong Kong, a patient politely asked me how a country that prided itself on being the oldest democracy in the world had come to be handing over his city to another country with a very different system of government, without either consulting the citizens or giving them the prospect of democracy to safeguard their future. Strange, said one of my aides, that the man with the sanest question in Hong Kong is in a mental hospital.”Chris Patten Financial Times
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