「我離港前到過一間精神科醫院。當時有位病人禮貌地問,一個以作為世上最悠久民主政體而自傲的國家,如何能夠將此地交給一個政治制度非常不同的國家,且既沒諮詢當地公民,又沒給予他們民主的前景,好讓他們捍衞自己的將來。一個隨行同事說,奇怪,香港提出最理智問題的人,竟在精神科醫院。」彭定康 金融時報

“During a visit to a mental hospital before I left Hong Kong, a patient politely asked me how a country that prided itself on being the oldest democracy in the world had come to be handing over his city to another country with a very different system of government, without either consulting the citizens or giving them the prospect of democracy to safeguard their future. Strange, said one of my aides, that the man with the sanest question in Hong Kong is in a mental hospital.”Chris Patten Financial Times

Non Chinese literate friends, please simply switch to English Version provided by LOUSY Google Translation

Please participate in the unregistered demography survey of visitors at the right hand side bar. You are: ?

敬請參與在右下方的不記名訪客分佈調查問卷,你是: ?

Monday, December 12, 2011

遊學

遊學



志雲大師 的官司還等著律政司上訴的法庭排期,但剛剛過去的週中,卻傳來 陳志雲 已經向無線電視辭職,並且得到接納。志雲大師 說將會到 拉斯維加斯 和 矽谷,進行 遊學、考察、旅遊、學習,云云!


《遊學》我第一個想到就是《關愛基金》,啲大春秋異想出的援助清貧家庭子女,可以讓家庭申請三千港元資助,參加學校夾埋旅行社合辦的《遊學團》,令清貧學生得到機會,可以離開稠密的香港,到外見見世面,多多增廣見聞。


不過,志雲大師 今次的《遊學》當然沒有這樣簡單,而我也不是遄測 陳志雲 的下一步去向,他會加盟 王維基 期望得到的新電視牌照,再做開荒牛嗎?


我在蛇竇和同事們吹水,講起《遊學》這個詞語,有位中英文驅佳的同事,問曰:陳志雲 是不是打算 take a sabbatical?


【維基百科】Sabbatical or a sabbatical (from Latin sabbaticus, from Greek sabbatikos, from Hebrew shabbat, i.e., Sabbath, literally a "ceasing") is a rest from work, or a hiatus, often lasting from two months to a year. The concept of sabbatical has a source in shmita, described several places in the Bible (Leviticus 25, for example, where there is a commandment to desist from working the fields in the seventh year). In the strict sense, therefore, sabbatical lasts a year.


安息日 Sabbath day,我當然記得,十誡中的第四誡,就是:Thou shalt keep the sabbath day 當守安息日!(其他天主基督教派,排列可能不同。)


【維基百科】The foundational Bible passage for sabbatical concepts is Genesis 2:2-3, in which God rested (literally, "ceased" from his labor) after creating the universe, and it is applied to people (Jew and Gentile, slave and free) and even to beasts of burden in one of the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20:8-11, reaffirmed in Deuteronomy 5:12-15).


上帝創造:天、地、光明、黑暗、空氣、日、月、星星 。。。。做男人、做女人,etc etc 用了六日,到第七日 祂就選擇休息,所以就有六天工作後,就有一天的休息日。所以西方社會由 Monday、Tuesday 。。。。。Friday、Saturday,都要工作,而 Sunday 便可以休息一天。


【維基百科】Biblical Sabbath is the origin of the present-day practice of "the weekend", Saturday and Sunday, in which most employees usually do not have scheduled work. Whereas Shabbat (or seventh-day Sabbath) and Christian Sabbath themselves are just one day per week each, both came to be taken off. Among Christians it was considered necessary to do preparatory tasks at home that would permit proper Sabbath observance (i.e., cessation from work) the next day.


但是西方社會靠掠奪第三世界的資源,再把人力密集的生產工序,外判 outsourcing 到人工 wages 較平較低的發展中國家,剩下來的工作變得清閒得多,那就出現了 five day working week 五天工作,週六和週日都是假期,可以得到更多的休閒時間,帶埋妻兒子女去外邊消費消閒,幫助促進就業又刺激經濟活力。記得 德國 還在分裂時代,西德的經濟鴻運宏大,曾經有過四個工作天安排,避免過度生產。


【維基百科】In recent times, "sabbatical" has come to mean any extended absence in the career of an individual in order to achieve something. In the modern sense, one takes sabbatical typically to fulfill some goal, e.g., writing a book or traveling extensively for research.


中國歷代都沒有休息日的觀念,中國幾千年來都是農業社會,農民跟著廿四個節氣務農,整個社會也依遁著農曆運作,到了年終收成後才可以休息,做冬就是收成完畢後的慶祝,一直休息到過新年之後,再重新開始週而復始。直到西方文化東來,入侵中國固有的規律,城市才出現每工作六天給有一天休息,但農村還是沒有休息天。不過中國開放多年改革後,近年在中國沿海大城市,已經推行一週五天工作,週六週日可以休息了。


【維基百科】Some universities and other institutional employers of scientists, physicians, and/or academics offer the opportunity to qualify for paid sabbatical as an employee benefit, called sabbatical leave. Some companies offer unpaid sabbatical for people wanting to take career breaks; this is a growing trend in the United Kingdom, with 20% of companies having a career break policy, and a further 10% considering introducing one.


有在職人士工作多年,就想停下來 take a sabbatical,再思想自己的前路方向,選擇停薪留職或是乾趣辭職不幹,出外再學習遊歷,將自己增值再作打算。又因為多數的 sabbatical 是大學生在畢業之前一兩年,選擇暫時休學,出外遊歷,之後才回來完成剩餘的學習,參加畢業考試,撰寫論文 thesis papers 完成學業。遂將 Sabbatical 譯作:遊學,也未償不可!


【維基百科】In British and Irish students' unions, particularly in higher education institutions, students can be elected to become sabbatical officers of their students' union, either taking a year out of their study (in the academic year following their election) or remaining at the institution for a year following completion of study. Sabbatical officers are usually provided with a living allowance or stipend.


不過 Sabbatical《遊學》,在香港真的沒有多見,鮮有過鮮有,你唔做就會冇咗份工,那個人能有 志雲大師 般可以這樣瀟灑呢?你有無打算過休息去《遊學》嗎?我很想,但非不為也,乃不能也!


補充:
【世界新聞網】無線電視(TVB)再起風雲!繼主席邵逸夫將於明年退隱後,無線電視業務總經理陳志雲也遞出辭職信,正式離職日期仍有待跟公司商討,據知陳志雲將展開遊學計畫,但外傳他有意自組製作公司,但也有多間傳媒向他招手。

陳志雲今早坦承自己已正式向無線董事局請辭,並已獲公司准許逐步休假,他將先展開遊學計畫,希望可以透過參觀、訪問等學習新知識,他的首站是美國的矽谷和拉斯維加斯。

陳志雲強調自己的離職與無線高層變動無關,也並非轉投其他公司,他相信在董事局主席梁乃鵬領導下,無線仍有會有很好的發揮。他說自己目前還沒有未來的工作計畫,如學成後仍想在電視圈工作,會首選無線。



【星島日報】無綫人事大執位!陳志雲昨日宣布稍後將離開任職已18年的無綫,離任後會去遊學,他又否認離巢後會自組公司,將來有機會回歸電視圈的話,無綫將會是首選,另外副主席梁乃鵬坦言方逸華也有挽留愛將,他更笑言:「花起花落,雲起雲開。」

無綫業務總經理陳志雲辭職消息傳出,昨早10多名記者在電視城門外守候,大約9時陳志雲如常坐7人車抵達公司,笑容滿面的他落車後在兩名保安陪同下步上行政大樓,當問及是否已遞信?他說:「一陣再見大家!」

9時30分,陳志雲於外事部副總監曾醒明陪同下交代辭職一事,問是否已遞信?他說:「這個計畫已經一段時間,想專心一意、心無旁貸學習新事物,有好多新媒體、新科技湧現,希望實踐遊學計畫,多謝公司准許我逐步休假,期間我會透過訪問、參觀和文化各方面互相交流,學習新知識。」

陳志雲表示會往矽谷及拉斯維加斯遊學,傳聞他將自組公司?他說:「真的無任何計畫,學習完畢返香港,若發現對電視圈有興趣,相信TVB是第一個遞求職信的公司,或者TVB需要我,仍會是我首選的平台;畢竟工作了18年,有好多好好同事、上司,TVB給我好大發揮空間,對社會有好大貢獻,能夠過去18年在TVB工作,是好大榮幸。」

陳總表示已逐步開始休假,更多謝公司給他支持,讓他實踐遊學計畫。




【星島日報】無線電視業務總經理陳志雲表示,已經向董事局遞交辭職信,到外地遊學交流,正式離任日期仍要與公司磋商。他表示,辭職與公司高層變動無關。

陳志雲表示,離開公司的計劃已經有一段時間,一直都有與公司溝通,他主要想專心一意、心無旁騖學習新事物。他指,現時有很多新科技、新媒體湧現以及有新的內容,所以他希望能實踐遊學計劃。他又否認職辭與高層變動有關。

他表示,很欣慰董事局主席一職改由副行政主席梁乃鵬接替,他相信在梁乃鵬的領導下,公司一定會有很好的發揮。陳志雲又指,公司容許他逐步休假,至於實際離職日期,要再和公司磋商,相信會有好的交接。

另外,陳志雲表示,離職主要是開始其學習計劃,他希望透過交流、參觀、訪問,學習新的知識,他離開的首站會是美國的矽谷及拉斯維加斯。他又指,暫時未有計劃自組公司或加盟其他電視台,並強週若日後再參與電視工作,無線必定會是他求職的首選。




伸延閱覽:
Sabbatical 維基百科
陳志雲辭職TVB 將遊學 世界新聞網
志雲離職遊學 無意自立門戶 新浪新聞網
陳志雲已遞辭職信 希望實踐遊學計劃 雅虎新聞網




18 comments:

嘿嘿 said...

大学教授就常有听到他们拿Sabbatical Leave,通常为期一年。

Ebenezer said...

在安息日期間,猶太人會彼此問候就福,說:Sabbath Shalom (安息日平安).

你所提到的安息觀念,我想,另一個更加通用的字詞,是 Retreat,中文叫作“退修”。而“退修”在基督宗教中,也是一樣很重要的觀念及傳承。

Haricot 微豆 said...

>> .... 第七日 祂就選擇休息

Traditionally, every seven years, professors are allowed to take a year off to do research, thus the term sabbatical leave. Similar to the religious tradition, they have a job to go back to.

>> ... 陳志雲 已經向無線電視辭職,並且得到接納。

If a person resigns, it is not a sabbatical, straightly speaking.

>> ... 中文叫作“退修”

Retreat can be undertaken any number of times by a group of employees who then go back to their jobs all refreshed with new ideas.

>> .... 直到西方文化東來,入侵中國固有的規律,城市才出現每工作六天給有一天休息 ...

入侵??? Even Chairman Mao wanted the industrialization of China. And it was the unions that demanded rest days for workers (and overtime pay if they have to work on weekends).

>> ... 近年在中國沿海大城市,已經推行一週五天工作

A country's productivity is measured by, among other indicators, how efficient resources are being utilized to produce goods and services in a SUSTAINABLE and ETHICAL manner. Obviously, locking children up in sweat shops and forcing them to work seven days a week will produce cheap goods. But the practice is neither ethical nor sustainable. On the other hand, well paid knowledge workers who spend only five days a week at the office will cost more but may contribute more to the long-term competitiveness of an economy. So, the number of working days by itself is not a good indicator of success/failure.

嘿嘿 said...

呵呵~

1、 共产主义也是西方“入侵”的啊!

2、五天工作,2天休假,除了生产,也要有时间开销、花费、享受、照顾家庭和谐啊!这叫有进步嘛~

3、微豆都说了很对,赞同!

4、拉长补短,取他人精华之处,不需在乎是来自何人何处呗!比如佛教也是来自印度嘛!

共勉之!

laulong said...

我就等退休後去遊學咯,或者叫雲遊更啱!

the inner space said...

微豆兄:《《陳志雲 已經向無線電視辭職,並且得到接納。 If a person resigns, it is not a sabbatical, straightly speaking.》》

我搜尋了幾則娛樂新聞,都是大致寫曰:陳志雲今早坦承自己已正式向無線董事局請辭,並已獲公司准許逐步休假,他將先展開遊學計畫,希望可以透過參觀、訪問等學習新知識,他的首站是美國的矽谷和拉斯維加斯。正式離任日期仍要與公司磋商。

看來“正式離任日期仍要與公司有待磋商。“,這句可提供為何我想他其實現在先 take a sabbatical,先去遊學遊學遊遊學學,之後游回來後才決定正式離任日期。

the inner space said...

微豆兄:re your 》》Traditionally, every seven years, professors are allowed to take a year off to do research, thus the term sabbatical leave. Similar to the religious tradition, they have a job to go back to. 《《

這只止於學界和宗教界和西方國家獨有,一般打工仔尤其是香港的捱騾仔,邊有呢支歌仔唱呀?

the inner space said...

以便兄:猶太教的安息日,照我所知是週五,但上維基百科說是週五至週六”Jewish Shabbat observed from sundown on Friday until the appearance of three stars in the sky on Saturday night. The law designates 36 hours of weekly holiday from Friday afternoon until Sunday morning, but most businesses and offices are closed during the whole day on Fridays. “請再賜教!

the inner space said...

以便兄and微豆兄: Retreat 退修,在我的教會也頗盛行,時常去到新界的修會會址,舉行退修會,誠心讀經研經修行幾天。

the inner space said...

嘿嘿兄:星加坡人都有 sabbatical leave 喇,精壯男子每年都要再入營重新訓練,公司要提供帶薪假期。

the inner space said...

HBB,re your 》》入侵??? Even Chairman Mao wanted the industrialization of China.》》毛主席只想中國工業化,但不是全盤西化! 以前毛主席的中國是有中國特式的共產主義。

E+中國是結合鄧小平的黑貓白貓路線,江澤民的三個代表,和 胡錦濤的科學發展觀+社會主義榮辱觀+和諧社會等理論,具有中國特使的社會主義。

the inner space said...

HBB,re your”A country's productivity is measured by 。。。。。。 is not a good indicator of success/ failure.“ 中國每週五天工作,是要減少上班日子塞車,和汽車噴出來的黑煙!

the inner space said...

嘿嘿兄:re your 1,2,and 4.
1. 中國實行是有中國特色的共產主義!
2. 五天工作,兩天休假。對有孩子的爸媽們,其實是五天可以做回自己工作又可以休息,養精蓄銳後用兩天照顧精力過盛的孩子王,週而復始!
4. 互補這個concept,中國自古有陰陽互補之說!在中國民國初期就早有胡適先生提倡德先生賽先生。還有:中學為體、西學為用。

the inner space said...

劉朗校長:歡迎光臨!學校多假期可以去長途旅行渡假,又一年可以帶幾次學生遊學團,到處去交流考察。

你想退休後去雲遊,我就想 early retirement 40歲可以提早退休,不過暫時只可以“魂遊”!

Ebenezer said...

猶太人一天的開始是黃昏,因為創世記記載一天有晚上,有早晨(聖經數算都是數晚上先)。

今天,我們文化中一天的開始是黎明。

就是這個文化偏差,使你弄得混亂了。

因此,安息日是在我們的週五黃昏開始,在我們的週六黃昏結束。

嘿嘿 said...

“准許逐步休假”

这该是指拿还没用过的年假吧?除了clear annual leave, 也须一段时间作善后交代喔。

新加坡的那个不叫Sabbatical Leave,那是Re-service Leave!

the inner space said...

網上真的臥虎藏龍!以便兄:兄台學養淵博,多謝解釋得很清楚!

the inner space said...

哈哈哈!嘿嘿兄 whatever you called it,每年星加坡男性都可以逃避開老婆女友,過幾天自我的生活,豈不樂哉!