My Facebook 新增面書 心空海嶽 by the inner space 歡迎光臨 Welcome in

「我離港前到過一間精神科醫院。當時有位病人禮貌地問,一個以作為世上最悠久民主政體而自傲的國家,如何能夠將此地交給一個政治制度非常不同的國家,且既沒諮詢當地公民,又沒給予他們民主的前景,好讓他們捍衞自己的將來。一個隨行同事說,奇怪,香港提出最理智問題的人,竟在精神科醫院。」彭定康 金融時報

“During a visit to a mental hospital before I left Hong Kong, a patient politely asked me how a country that prided itself on being the oldest democracy in the world had come to be handing over his city to another country with a very different system of government, without either consulting the citizens or giving them the prospect of democracy to safeguard their future. Strange, said one of my aides, that the man with the sanest question in Hong Kong is in a mental hospital.”Chris Patten Financial Times

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Sunday, March 08, 2015

愛 第六次元?

愛 第六次元?

自從 Christopher Nolan 拍出 Inception 港譯:潛行凶間 之後, 嗜悲 都一直有留意他的 Interstellar 港譯:星際啟示錄,不過看過電影故事後,覺得這個譯名絕對不合格。DVD 將於本月尾全球發行,到時再研究買不買。

因為故事中父親在女兒十歲時離開地球,出發往 Deep Space 太空深處,穿過 Worm Hole 蟲洞,到達另一個遠離地球的星系,企圖尋找一個可以代替地球的星球,將地球上受到全球乾旱飢荒頻臨滅絕的人類,移民到新星球上。

因為時空的交錯理論,壯年的父親離開地球探險,到他完成任務返回地球,他沒有老去半點仍然是壯年,但女兒已經是位老太婆,父女重逢反而是父親送女兒的臨終。正如中國一句話:山中方七日世上幾千年 。。。。。。。!

Directed by:
Christopher Nolan

Matthew McConaughey as Cooper
Anne Hathaway as Amelia
Jessica Chastain as Adult Murphy
Mackenzie Foy as young Murphy
Ellen Burstyn as elderly Murphy
Matt Damon as Mann
Michael Caine as Prof Brand
John Lithgow as Donald Cooper's father-in-law

【維基百科】In the future, Earth's natural resources have become so scarce that humanity has regressed to an agrarian society on the verge of failure. Cooper (Matthew McConaughey), a former NASA test pilot-turned-farmer, lives with his father-in-law, son, and 10-year-old daughter Murphy (Mackenzie Foy). Murphy believes her room is haunted by a poltergeist trying to communicate with her. She and Cooper discover the "ghost" is an unknown intelligence sending coded messages using gravitational waves, revealing binary coordinates in the dust that direct them to a secret NASA installation led by Professor Brand (Michael Caine).

【維基百科】Brand reveals that a wormhole, apparently created for humanity by an alien intelligence, offers a chance for survival on a new planet. Through the wormhole, NASA's "Lazarus missions" have identified three potentially habitable planets orbiting the black hole Gargantua: Miller, Edmunds, and Mann, named after the astronauts who surveyed them. Brand recruits Cooper to pilot the experimental spacecraft Endurance to recover the astronauts' data; once one of the planets is determined habitable, humanity will follow aboard space stations. On the mission, Cooper joins Brand's daughter, biologist Amelia (Anne Hathaway); physicist Romilly (David Gyasi); geographer Doyle (Wes Bentley); and two artificially intelligent robots, TARS (voiced by Bill Irwin) and CASE (voiced by Josh Stewart). Cooper's decision to join Endurance breaks Murphy's heart, and they part on bad terms.

【維基百科】Endurance enters the wormhole and heads to Miller, but they discover the planet is so close to Gargantua that the gravitational pull causes severe time dilation: each hour on the surface is seven years on Earth. Cooper, Amelia, Doyle and CASE descend to the planet, which proves inhospitable as it is completely covered by a shallow ocean roiled by enormous tidal waves. As Amelia attempts to recover Miller's data, a wave hits, killing Doyle and delaying the shuttle's departure. When they return to the Endurance, 23 years have passed there.

【維基百科】On Earth, the adult Murphy (Jessica Chastain) is now a NASA scientist attempting to solve a physics problem that has troubled Brand for years: how the gigantic space stations, too heavy to launch with conventional rockets, could be lifted via gravity. The dying Brand admits he already solved the problem and determined that the project is impossible without additional data from a black hole's singularity. Concluding that humanity cannot escape Earth, Brand instead put his faith in a "Plan B", which will use frozen embryos to start humanity anew, sacrificing Earth's population. Low on fuel, Endurance can only visit one more planet before returning to Earth. Amelia believes Edmunds' planet has more promising data, but Cooper and Romilly favor Mann's planet, as Mann is still transmitting. Cooper accuses Amelia of letting her emotional attachment to Edmunds cloud her judgment, while Amelia argues both planets could be explored if Cooper would give up on returning to Earth.

【維基百科】The team votes for Mann. When they land, they find an icy, inhospitable world where Mann (Matt Damon) is still alive in deep sleep; Mann faked data about his planet's viability so that Endurance would rescue him. Mann reveals that the plan to send humanity to one of the planets was a lie and that the real plan was always "Plan B" to continue the species, as Brand suggested. When Cooper wants to return to Earth, Mann breaks Cooper's spacesuit visor and leaves him to die, and Romilly dies when he accidentally triggers a bomb Mann set to protect his secret. Mann flees to Endurance on a shuttle, intending to proceed with the "Plan B" project on Edmunds' world. Amelia rescues Cooper on the other shuttle and they arrive at Endurance in time to witness Mann docking improperly. The airlock depressurizes, killing Mann and causing serious damage, but Cooper uses the shuttle to get the Endurance under control.

【維基百科】With very little fuel remaining, Cooper and Amelia plan to slingshot Endurance around Gargantua on a course to Edmunds. TARS and Cooper detach into the black hole, hoping to collect data on the singularity and propel Endurance by dropping mass. Cooper and TARS emerge in an extra-dimensional "tesseract" where time appears as a spatial dimension and portals lead to Murphy's childhood bedroom at various times. Cooper realizes the extra-dimensional beings are future humans, and have created this space so he can communicate with Murphy as the "ghost" from her childhood and save humanity. Using gravitational waves, Cooper transmits TARS's data on the singularity to the adult Murphy through Morse code, allowing her to complete Brand's equation and evacuate Earth.

【維基百科】Later, Cooper awakes aboard a NASA torus space station and reunites with the now-elderly Murphy. On her deathbed, she convinces Cooper to search for Amelia, who is alone on Edmunds's planet, using the frozen embryos to ensure humanity's survival.

故事結尾沒有解釋 Cooper 如何,也沒有提供 Cooper 乘搭甚麽的飛船去 Edmund's Planet,照理應該經過了幾十年,新一代的飛船可以不用通過 Worm Hole,就可以去到把 Amelia 接回地球,省去時間的差異不再重韜往日的分別,不會再發生回來時又過了地球的幾十年吧!


很多的特技目不暇給,不過都是也曾見過欠缺了驚喜,電影只屬平穩沒有了新意,不及 Inception 潛行凶間 的 一層層的夢,先把觀眾迷惑了繼續是不停地玩弄了,令到太多人看不明白。今次 Christopher Nolan 只是玩玩時空的轉換,也換來不少說看不明白。






最後,電影中有一句:Love is the one thing that transcends time and space.

全段是 Anne Hathaway’s character Dr. Amelia Brand says as much, in the movie’s most polarizing speech:

Love isn’t something we invented. It’s observable, powerful, it has to mean something... Love is the one thing we’re capable of perceiving that transcends dimensions of time and space.

愛 Love 應是發自人的內心,而非外來的力量。嗜悲 曾說過這其實是一種化學反應,示愛施愛和被愛受愛雙方,只是互相發出粒子,兩方面的粒子 compatible 配合,就會有愛的感覺產生,再伸延至個人行為上,有淡淡的愛有激烈的愛,有父母對子女的愛,有男女異性之愛,有同性之間的愛,有兄弟情姊妹戀,連對寵物都發生愛,更不用多說性愛由愛而性也會有由性而愛。

愛 成為人類之間存在極大的影響力,這個力量發自內心,究竟愛的力量有多大呢? 應可視為 第六次元吧! Interstellar DVD 即將發售考慮要買不買。







那不是有點像多啦 A夢的隨意門嗎?



該電影監製及顧問 Kip Thorne 天體物理學家,原來是練博士的師公,練博士說這套電影與其他科幻電影最大分別的是,當中的理論都是有根有據,而導演 Christopher Nolan 則把物理學用電影手法演繹一次。






在日常生活中,這個理論也派得上用場,我們常用的 GPS,以衛星進行地面測量,但衛星因為距離地球很遠,所以時間相對地球表面的人會快一點,練博士說,即使衛星時間比地面時間快十億分之一秒,所測出的路面距離誤差可能已經有一米,所以在研發 GPS時,科學家已經做好了時間的修正。

用來研究電影裏的橋段,就可以解釋,為何去一趟黑洞旁邊的 Miller星,在那裏逗留一小時,等於在地球的七年。愈接近大質量星體甚至黑洞,時間過得愈慢,距離愈遠,時間過得愈快,所以當男女主角回到在 Miller 星外面等他們的太空船上,船員 Romilly 已經老了二十三年了。

話說,電影裏還有一個橋段,是假扮萬有引力,就是太空船不斷自轉,形成一種引力,讓太空人在太空船裏也能坐立行走。而在最後 Cooper 被救起時,到達女兒 Murphy 的巨型太空船上,為何醫院窗外的環境,會有點像《潛行凶間》(Inception)裏呈直角屈起的地面?練博士估計,因為那是一艘圓筒形的太空船,不停自轉,所以網球會轉彎打到上邊的屋的窗子,人和物可以像有引力一樣貼在彎起的地面上。


黑洞的形成,可以說是超過二十至三十個太陽質量的星體,燃燒到最後不斷塌縮,變成漏斗形的坑洞,且愈來愈深,是一條不歸路。這時的引力變得非常大,大得連旁邊的氣體也被拉進去,因為拉扯的速度非常快,在摩擦之下產生很高的能量,就是輻射或 X光,簡單即是光,所以我們會看到黑洞周邊「視界」之外,圍了一圈光。


太空館提供的資料亦顯示,找尋X射線源是現今找尋黑洞的重要方法。在天文學的觀測上,在絕大部分星系的中心,包括我們身處的銀河系,都有可能存在超大質量的黑洞,而天鵝座 X-1 便是最早發現的懷疑黑洞。

電影裏的蟲洞,像一個空間通道,本來相距十萬光年的地方,可以一下子就穿過,讓太空人能夠星際旅行。但直至今天,沒人知道蟲洞是否存在,相反,它其實是一條廣義相對論中的方程式的數學解答(solution)。太空館資料提及,在一九三0年代,愛因斯坦和物理學家羅森發現,在繁複的引力場方程式中,已暗示宇宙裏可能存在這樣的通道,被稱為「愛因斯坦 —— 羅森橋」。到一九八五年,著名天文學家薩根寫成科幻小說《超時空接觸》,邀請過電影顧問及物理學家一同研究,證實瞬間宇宙旅行在科學理論上的可行性。


Cooper 掉進黑洞之後,就進入了一個第五次元空間,時間和空間變成一格格,可以前進或者倒退。第五次元空間是什麼?其實「次元」這個名詞,來自日本動漫的幻想世界,在物理學裏,次元稱作「維度」(dimension)。第一次元,有一個維度,簡單來說,就是螞蟻在一條線上。第二次元,有兩個維度,變成螞蟻在一個平面上。



電影中 Cooper 的 女兒 名字叫 Murphy,西方有 梅菲定律 Murphy’s Law:Anything that can go wrong will go wrong. 可能錯的終會錯。

近日香港最多談到 塔西佗陷阱 Tacitus Trap:Any leaders in power that when a government loses credibility, whether it tells the truth or a lie, to do good or bad, will be considered a lie, or to do bad. 當政府部門失去公信力時,無論說真話還是假話,做好事還是壞事,都會被認為是說假話做壞事。

Interstellar 維基百科
星際啟示錄 維基百科
導賞﹕揭開星際啟示錄 明報新聞網

一層層的夢 談:潛行凶間 Inception

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