「我離港前到過一間精神科醫院。當時有位病人禮貌地問,一個以作為世上最悠久民主政體而自傲的國家,如何能夠將此地交給一個政治制度非常不同的國家,且既沒諮詢當地公民,又沒給予他們民主的前景,好讓他們捍衞自己的將來。一個隨行同事說,奇怪,香港提出最理智問題的人,竟在精神科醫院。」彭定康 金融時報

“During a visit to a mental hospital before I left Hong Kong, a patient politely asked me how a country that prided itself on being the oldest democracy in the world had come to be handing over his city to another country with a very different system of government, without either consulting the citizens or giving them the prospect of democracy to safeguard their future. Strange, said one of my aides, that the man with the sanest question in Hong Kong is in a mental hospital.”Chris Patten Financial Times

Non Chinese literate friends, please simply switch to English Version provided by LOUSY Google Translation

Please participate in the unregistered demography survey of visitors at the right hand side bar. You are: ?

敬請參與在右下方的不記名訪客分佈調查問卷,你是: ?

Friday, November 29, 2013



唐英年太太郭妤淺僭建二千呎地庫只被罰十一萬元,這不會是特別優惠唐家或是唐營,反而是為將來後著,到處理 梁振英 在山頂大宅鋪定好後路 。。。。各位認為這個推理思考:是 Vertical 垂直 縱向 thinking 思考,還是 Lateral 水平 橫向 thinking 思考呢?

嗜悲 一向愛用 lateral thinking/ horizontal thinking(例子),在很多舊文中的留言和網友們討論,都有提過 縱向思考 和 橫向思考,只是從未有用 “橫向思考” 為標題討論。據說 Prof. DeBono 是第一位作出 “Lateral/ Horizontal Thinking” 這個 vocabulary 詞彙。

【維基百科】Lateral thinking is solving problems through an indirect and creative approach, using reasoning that is not immediately obvious and involving ideas that may not be obtainable by using only traditional step-by-step logic.

Lateral thinking deliberately distances itself from standard perceptions of creativity as either "vertical" logic (the classic method for problem solving: working out the solution step-by-step from the given data) or "horizontal" imagination (having a thousand ideas but being unconcerned with the detailed implementation of them).

有興趣多看 DeBono 的 Lateral Thinking Lectures Click here 點擊

【The MMM】Our educational system has taught us to value vertical, deductive reasoning. This is why our logic is so often binary: if-then, either-or, right-wrong. This is the logic of technology.

But vertical thinking is most powerful when augmented by a horizontal viewpoint since the lateral perspective will often spy answers that lie outside the vertical path.

Horizontal thinking will recognize a pattern it has seen, even when that pattern was observed in a completely unrelated field. (The cognoscenti will remember this technique as Business Problem Topology.) This "pattern recognition" often allows the horizontal thinker to correctly predict an outcome from what appears to be too little information.

"Some people are unhappy about lateral/horizontal] thinking because they feel it threatens the validity of vertical thinking. This is not so at all. The two processes are complementary, not antagonistic. Lateral thinking enhances the effectiveness of vertical thinking by offering it more to select from. Vertical thinking multiplies the effectiveness of lateral thinking by making good use of the ideas generated." Edward DeBono

Purely horizontal thinking is known as daydreaming. Fantasy. Mysticism. The purely horizontal thinker has a thousand ideas but puts none of them into action. He or she sees the big picture and all its possibilities but has little interest in linear, step-by-step implementation.

Purely vertical thinking leads to compliance, conformity, and a false sense of knowledge. (False because it’s often just memorization in disguise. The student knows what to do without understanding why.) The purely vertical thinker is a nit-picker, a legalist, a tight-ass.

The healthy mind is capable of switching from vertical to horizontal thought and back again.

Problem solving is horizontal thinking adjusted by vertical analysis. But the implementation of that solution will require step-by-step, vertical action modified by horizontal adjustments as the need arises.

公司內的蛇竇同事們發揮了他她們的 橫向思考 。。。。。

李飛 用了 14:26 在禮賓府發表的演說 (Source: 政府新聞處 ISDgovHK)

【Now 新聞】基本法委員會主任李飛又表明,提名委員會屬機構提名,要對候選人數目設限。而提名委員會的組成,應參照選舉委員會的四大界別。他認為,在這個設計下,選舉權和被選舉權都無不合理的限制。與其他地區普選制度無實質差別。





他又指,為候選人的人數設限,並非不合理,目的是避免候選人過多,帶來選舉程式複雜,選舉成本高昂問題。 (看片)

如今的小圈子選舉的選舉委員會 1200人,2012年所以梁振英 成為 689特首,即是剛剛過半成為管治香港無年的特首,年多以來強差人意,要數數他的不足罄竹難書。但 梁振英 卻自我感覺良好,又有一位副局長辭職跳船斬纜,這是否思歪所言的最人齊呢?次貨最齊吧。(註:《次佳選擇》是 嗜悲 的一篇舊文又名《次貨選擇》)

李飛 主任說 2017年的特首候選人必須要愛國愛港,特首的候選人和獲選人愛港是必然,至於 “愛國” 嘛:嗜悲 指出因為中國是一黨專政沒有政黨輪替,所謂 “愛國” 便成了 = “愛黨” 中國共產黨。

有說將來的提名委員會,將參考現有的選舉委員會組成,這個委員會成員 李飛 沒有說明是要:愛國愛港=愛中國共產黨,而且民主派人士都可以入到選舉委員會,若不是怎會提名 梁家傑 和 何俊仁,分別在 2007 和 2012 的選舉入到閘呢?

第三屆行政長官選舉委員會為 800人,2007年 3月 25日行政長官選舉中 曾蔭權 以 649票對 123票擊敗對手 梁家傑,連任成為第三屆行政長官。第四屆行政長官選舉委員會增加到 1200人,2012年 3月 25日,梁振英 以 689票當選,其他參選人 唐英年獲 285票,及 何俊仁 獲 76票。

不要忘記:Thinking Strategies: vertical vs. horizontal

【Jaraad】Vertical thinking is an analytical and sequential process and it is widely adopted by researchers in the academia because it finds a solution to the problem faster than the horizontal thinking strategy. In addition, it builds more experienced researchers in the field of investigation.

Horizontal thinking, unlike vertical thinking, is to investigate wider not deeper. Howard Gardner calls vertical thinkers the experts and horizontal thinkers the visionaries. Others, use Edward De Bono’s coined term lateral thinking to define horizontal thinking. In general, lateral thinking means being creative and thinking outside the box.

Each thinking strategy has its advantages and disadvantages. Therefore it is good to know how we think and how different we think. People who think vertically are usually concerned in how to solve the problem. They also usually know everything about something. On the other hand, people who think horizontally are usually concerned in why a particular problem occurs. They know something about everything, related to their field.

Most outstanding research results are the ones that produced from interdisciplinary fields. Investigating one field to find an answer will solve a problem but making links between two fields or more to find an answer will lead to a breakthrough solution. This is why horizontal thinking is linked to breakthrough research.

The figure (link) depicts the differences between these two thinking methods. Unlike vertical thinking, horizontal thinking requests more time, data, and background study. While both concepts produce a solution to the problem, their outputs might not be the same. Vertical thinking discovers a solution faster than horizontal thinking, but its solution’s quality might not be as good as the horizontal thinking.

李飛 說提名委員會的組成,應參照選舉委員會的四大界別,並且認為在這個設計下,選舉權和被選舉權都無不合理的限制,與其他地區普選制度無實質差別。以往泛民不斷要求,提名委員會擴大由 400 加至 800,而到 2012 的 1200人,加大是否真的有利泛民呢?

四個界別 1200每界別 400人,中央只容許小量泛民入到不同界別成為委員,說已經具備充分代表性,不過總的比例很低,看看 何俊仁 只得 76 over 1200 票便可知道。

蛇竇內用 lateral thinking,提出難道不可以反方向把四個界別的委員,數目縮小 to the extreme 可以少至每個界別只得一人。既然 李飛 說不宜太多候選人減省開支,所以也不宜有太多提名委員,這是浪費特區政府的公帑,四名成員的提名委員會絕對真的可以很慳錢。

中聯辦 郝鐵川 在 李飛 主任離港後,出來出席出現不同場合座談會,就是要說明提名委員會將會有廣泛代表性和均衡參與。先讓他多多說話把話說死了之後,然後才擲出把提名委員會,縮小細到只得每個界別,to the extreme 只得一個代表。


郝鐵川昨日在樹仁大學以「見步行步,向前走」為題,發表有關 2017年特首普選的演講。他指出,李飛日前來港闡述普選特首須遵守的五點法律規定,包括可參照目前的選舉委員會組成有廣泛代表性的提名委員會;被提名權、被選舉權沒有不合理的限制;提名委員會按民主程序進行機構提名;選舉權普及而平等;特首人選報中央政府任命,這五點與國際社會對普選的一般認識及國際社會的主流看法「完全一致」。






若每一界別只得一位委員,要符合提名委員會俱充分代表性,起碼要讓一位泛民主派入到提名委員會,咁就即是提高了比例起碼到 25%,否則怎能夠說得通俱充分代表性呢?or 郝鐵川 說的:廣泛代表性和均衡參與。

代表 25% 廣泛代表性和均衡參與的提名委員會委員,卻不能提名到一位泛民愛國愛港的候選人競選行政長官,就很難說得通了。當然到時 郝鐵川 會出來解話,推翻俱 “廣泛代表性和均衡參與”,據 “人大” 原意應該是 咩咩 or 乜乜,又可能或是要換過另外一個中聯辦官員出來反口吧!


lateral/ horizontal thinking 谷歌搜尋
Edward de Bono and lateral/ horizontal thinking 維基百科
lateral/ horizontal thinking The MMM (MondayMorningMemo)
提委會由四大界別組成 新浪新聞網
Thinking Strategies: vertical vs. horizontal wordpress
郝鐵川:李飛所述五規定 與國際看法一致 大公新聞網
郝鐵川11月26日在樹仁大學的演講稿節錄 新浪新聞網
與施庵兄討論 Inhuman Resources

Global Warming?
次佳選擇 (又名:次貨選擇)


Anonymous said...

Purely horizontal thinking is known as daydreaming
咦,原來我是個expert of horizontal thinking! 尤其在開會時 ^^

the inner space said...

轉數快腦袋靈,一讀就知 嗜悲 說自己是 lateral/ horizontal thinker,總是愛做白日夢 day dreaming,哈哈哈哈哈!