「我離港前到過一間精神科醫院。當時有位病人禮貌地問,一個以作為世上最悠久民主政體而自傲的國家,如何能夠將此地交給一個政治制度非常不同的國家,且既沒諮詢當地公民,又沒給予他們民主的前景,好讓他們捍衞自己的將來。一個隨行同事說,奇怪,香港提出最理智問題的人,竟在精神科醫院。」彭定康 金融時報

“During a visit to a mental hospital before I left Hong Kong, a patient politely asked me how a country that prided itself on being the oldest democracy in the world had come to be handing over his city to another country with a very different system of government, without either consulting the citizens or giving them the prospect of democracy to safeguard their future. Strange, said one of my aides, that the man with the sanest question in Hong Kong is in a mental hospital.”Chris Patten Financial Times

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Friday, September 16, 2016

Captain Sully or Silly???

Captain Sully or Silly???

一個寒冷的下午,紐約市側的 克遜河 Hudson River 有架 載著 155名乘客和機員(包括 正副機長兩人)的 美國航空 US Airways Airbus A320-214 編號 1549客機,急降在冰凍河水上,沒有嚴重受傷,全體得救沒有死亡。

當日是 2009年 1月 15日 3:24 PM 由 紐約 New York's LaGuardia Airport 起飛的 US Airways 1549號班機 剛剛起飛,3分鐘後卻遇上一群飛過的 Canada Geese,兩個引擎同時失去動力 。。。。。3:27 PM 機長 Captain Chesley Burnett Sullenberger, III nickname Sully 短短幾分鐘,做了一個驚人的決定,在沒有動力之下急降客機,on 紐約市側的 克遜河 Hudson River 面上!!!

以下是有關 Flight 1549 的相關報導

Flight route

National Geographic 國家地理頻道 的 documentary 紀錄片


一時之間 Captain Sully 被傳媒捧成 英雄, 不斷出現在各大傳媒 新聞 one to one interview 訪談 還有 連午夜時段的 talk show 都沒有遺漏, 風頭持續卻是短暫。

風光背後原來有一則漏網的新聞, 這位被譽為英雄的 Captain Sully or Silly, 慘被 美國專門調查所有 空難 急降 墮機 的 委員會 National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)內官僚 grinding 折磨 騰折一番,因為有了 另一個說法 。。。。。。

電影由 Clint Eastwood 奇連伊士活 出資 監製 和 執導 一腳踢,Sully 港譯:薩利機長~迫降奇蹟,2016年 9月 在北美洲上映的美國傳記劇情片,9月 15日 中秋節假期 週四在香港首映。

香港人可能連這段 差不多是一項奇蹟,都已經忘記淨盡了,因為當年當日電視新聞真的不很詳盡,嗜悲 是自己轉台去 CNN 處追看到的,這點我沒有忘記。美國 15日週四東岸下午,即是香港週五的清晨 16日 。。。。。。距離農曆新年還有約 10天!!!

反而 嗜悲 忘記了當年為何沒有轉載,唯一可能就是當年在港的傳媒極有限的報導,於是 嗜悲 也沒有登文以記載之。

【維基百科】On January 15, 2009, veteran US Airways pilots Captain Chesley "Sully" Sullenberger and First Officer Jeffery Skiles board US Airways Flight 1549 departing from LaGuardia Airport en route to Charlotte Douglas International Airport and take off. Barely three minutes into the flight at an altitude of approximately 2,800 feet (850 m), disaster strikes as the Airbus A320 hits a flock of Canada geese, which disables both engines.

Without engine power and with no airports within a safe distance (the closest being Teterboro Airport in New Jersey), Sully decides to ditch his ill-fated airliner in the frigid waters of the Hudson River. Despite seemingly impossible odds, Sullenberger is able to land the aircraft in the Hudson, saving the lives of all 155 passengers and crew aboard.

The press and public immediately hail him as a hero, but the experience left him seeing visions of the plane crashing into a building had he tried to return to LaGuardia.

Hours later, however, Sullenberger learns that tests conducted for the National Transportation Safety Board suggest that the left engine simply idled when the birds were sucked in, and was not completely disabled as Sullenberger and Skiles claim. On paper, this would have left Sullenberger with enough power to return to LaGuardia or land at Teterboro.

Furthermore, the NTSB board of inquiry claims that several flight simulations created from all available data of the incident conclude that the plane could have been able to safely land at an airport even with both engines disabled.

Sullenberger, however, maintains that he did not have enough time, speed or altitude to guide the plane to a safe landing at an airport.

Sullenberger realizes that the NTSB is angling to have the accident deemed to be pilot error -- which would effectively end his career.

In a bid to save his reputation, he arranges to have the simulator pilots available for a live recreation at the public hearing on the accident. When both simulations end with successful landings, Sullenberger counters that simulations are unrealistic without believable accounting for preliminary protocols happening before any emergency maneuvers or basic human reactions to the incident.

When pressed on this, the inquiry board admits that the simulation pilots were allowed several practice sessions before the formal recorded simulation for this unprecedented emergency situation.

Conceding the point, the inquiry board orders the simulation redone, but with a 35-second pause after the bird strike before any emergency maneuvers are attempted--roughly matching the time Sullenberger had to react.

The simulation for a landing at LaGuardia ends with the plane plowing through a pier before crashing into the Hudson, while the simulation for a landing at Teterboro ends with the plane colliding with a building.

Both would have resulted in non-survivable crashes. After a short recess, the board of inquiry announces that it just learned that the left engine had been recovered from the Hudson. The engine shows indisputable signs that it was completely destroyed by the bird strike.

With this evidence, the board concludes, with Skiles firmly confirming, that Flight 1549 was an unavoidable accident, and that Sullenberger performed the best possible actions under the circumstances to save lives.

雖然,估計只有數分鐘的 驚險急降 客機場面,之後就是冗長的得個齋講字,若不依靠中文字幕,嗜悲 將要十分專心細心聆聽,不過 嗜悲 下了決定接受挑戰,趁 中秋節假期 一於購票去戲院捧場,後果自負!!!

當然 飾演 Captain Sully 是 好戲之人 Tom Hanks,還有演副機長的 Aaron Eckhart,這幫助了很多我對這電影的信心。

Last but not least

3D Animation - Captain Sully - Hero on the Hudson River

過幾天,會在後記再談談,讓我看過電影後,有冇需要認輸認衰 。。。。。。嗜悲 選錯了片 唉!!!


其實 嗜悲 是更希望 Clint Eastwood 會拍一段 Captain Sully 午夜夢回,決定急降 Hudson River 鑄成大錯,全機乘客服務員傷亡枕寂,只得 他 和 副機長 倆嚴重受傷,卻執返條命生存下來,受盡千夫所指咁樣的結局,做一個強烈對比,會是更加震堪!!!!


我看的一場,隔晚初看座位表預訂已購票得小貓三幾隻,咁唔打算嗮錢網上訂飛,點知隔日臨場購票很多人看,排隊前面的都是看 Sully,隔離的兩邊都有是看 Sully,賣飛賣到連我坐慣個位都被賣出去,要另選座位坐側邊位。查看 box office 製作費 6千萬美元,依家已收 1億封了蝕本之門。

雖然知道最後是大團圓結局,不過 Clint Eastwood 又拍得幾有趣味性,有如坐飛機遇到緊急 landing on the Hudson River 克遜河河面,唔死得獲救個種真實感覺。

一開場真的如我估計, Clint Eastwood 拍成飛機在 NYC Manhattan 紐約市 曼克頓區的 摩天大廈群中穿梭,最後撞落一棟高樓,就好像 911 撞機一樣,Captain Sully 從噩夢中驚醒!!!

之後 NTSB 調查委員會展開聆訊調查,羅列出當時的數據主要有:

~左邊引擎沒有損壞 數據證實可以提供動力 繼續飛行 至安全著陸點
~根據以上 NTSB 做出兩個模擬飛行實驗 證實可以安全降落附近兩個機場

究竟 NTSB 有冇 段章取義,矯枉過正,含血噴人,致 Captain Sully 和 co pilot first officer Captain Skiles 萬劫不復境地呢?????

如何撥亂反正,都是留返各位購票入場看看電影, 嗜悲 個人認為幾十元票價物超所值,我就看得很過癮,而且因為啲英文唔難聽,我全程極少看字幕。

嗜悲 完全享受置身其中經歷一場,可能身死的空難,最後執返條命仔,因為 Captain Sully 冷靜和超凡的駕駛飛機 。。。。。。鏡頭運用很多是以第一身目睹而拍攝!!!

最後需要一提,是飛機起飛全由 co pilot first officer Captain Jeffery Skiles 負責控制的,但遇到 bird crash 後飛機失去動力後,危急之時 Captain Sully 一句 I have control 就接手控制失速的飛機,最後降落在 1月份 嚴冬中的 Hudson River 克遜河河面上, 208秒 的生死關頭!!!

US Airways 1549 維基百科
Sully 英文維基百科
薩利機長:哈德遜奇蹟 維基百科

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